Welcome -

This blog is here for Cornerstone Christian Academy art students to use as a tutorial and troubleshooting site for the completion of their various yearly projects. Use this blog to find periodic updates and tips. Please leave comments: ask questions, comment on your progress, or leave helpful tips for your fellow classmates to read regarding a particular class project. Good Luck!

Sunday, November 15, 2009

Perspective Drawings - Art 1&2

Example of lines receding into a vanishing point.
Example of 1pt perspective

Example of 2 pt perspective

Example of 2pt perspective landscape.

Art 1&2

Perspective Drawing assignment - Your project is to create a composition illustrating 1 point and 2 point perspectives. Your composition should depict a fantasy landscape. In this imaginary landscape you may have various shapes such as circles, squares, and other original shapes much like buildings. Your drawing must have these few items:

a horizon line, minimum 3 objects above the horizon line, minimum 3 objects below the horizon line, and minimum 2 objects directly in front of the horizon line.

Art 2 - art 2 students will have to create the same drawing as above PLUS a second drawing showing a minimum of 6 objects rendered in 3-point perspective.

All projects will be due before the Christmas break.

Color Scale and Value Study- Art 3

Art 3

Color Scale - Your homework since the last class has been to research different way to create a color scale. We reviewed a few traditional methods of creating color scales including a COLOR WHEEL. We also saw some very complex designs that appeared to be 3-dimensional.

Project: You will have to create a color chart and a value scale. I asked you to put together a few sketches of different color scale designs for your project. The only thing you are required to include are 3 primary colors (red,blue,yellow), 3 secondary colors (violet, orange, and green), and 6 tertiary (yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange).
The value scale will be a series of 12 one inch squares which show a smooth transition from black to white.
Both the color scale you select and the value study will be completed using tempura or acrylic paints. Be ready to start on Wednesday by having your color scale designs ready to show me. We will have these complete before the Christmas holidays.

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

New DEADLINES for Project 1

I have changed the deadline for all classes for the first project.

Art 1 & 2
Draw Montgomery Project due OCT. 28th!
We will be holding a critique on that day as well. Remember that I have instituted a NEW POLICY in Art 1&2: If you forget to bring your supplies to class (sketchbook, portfolio, current project, etc.) you will lose 2 points from your class average.
IMPORTANT: You may purchase an 8x10" scratchboard from Hobby Lobby or Baker's Art Supply to use for your final. These are much better quality than the paper I gave you. Just reprint your photo reference to 8x10" and color the back of it with graphite pencil so that you can trace the photo to the scratchboard. OR... just use your sketchbook sketch of your photo to trace onto the scratchboard. Email me or call me if you have any questions. Good luck.
Art 3
Wildlife Projects due OCT 28th.
Also, your vocabulary quiz will be on OCT 28th. (See vocabulary post below)
Remember to layer several colors over each other where possible on your drawings. The more color variety, the better! Don't forget to use your white color pencil to blend multiple colors into each other. Don't let your brain convince you that everything is just one color. In fact, I gamble to say that your set of color pencils doesn't have ONE color that is 100% accurate to your photo reference. One way to test this theory is to put the area you have just colored as close to the corresponding area in the photo as possible and look at the difference in color. Try it.
Everyone (AKA Mr. Newton) should be walking away from their art project every 10-15 minutes and looking at it from across the room. This will let you know if you have enough value contrast; if you don't then it will be difficult to see all the small elements of your subject matter and everything will appear to "blend" together. Also...NO SHARPIE MARKERS!!!! Good luck - Mr. Kelley

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Scratchboard and Duck Stamp Examples

These were all done by fifteen year olds from around the US. These all appear to be either colored pencil or acrylic. Notice the attention to detail and the emphasis on color, even in the backgrounds. This will make for a high quality stamp and is something that the judges are considering when the look at each submission. - Mr. Kelley

Scratchboard and Duck Stamp Exmples

Art 1&2 - Scratchboard Examples

These are some excellent examples of scratchboard capabilities which illustrate a variety of techniques. If you click on an image you will be able to view it at a larger scale. These should give you a goal to shoot towards in your Draw Montgomery projects. Don't settle for mediocrity!!!

Monday, October 12, 2009

Art 1 & 2

Draw Montgomery Project
All Art 1&2 students are to be working on the Draw Montgomery competition project. I gave each of you the links to the competition along with the requirements in a previous posting this year. Please review that post. You were each given your scratch paper cut to size. Art 1 students are to complete an 11x14" scratch paper and the Art 2 students have 1/2 sheet of poster board to work with as long as it is larger than 11x14".
  1. Photograph a Montgomery building or other Montgomery scene.
  2. Crop this photograph until you have a pleasing composition. Your building should be the focal point so remove excess background imagery, like sky, in order to make your building the focal point. Remember, crop your photograph using the measurements that I gave you in class: 2 3/4 x 3 1/2" or 5 1/2 x 7"
  3. Draw the cropped image in your sketchbook. You can remove or adjust elements from the photograph when you draw it in your sketchbook. For example, you can remove people or cars from the photograph when you draw it in your sketchbook to see if this enhances your overall composition. Once you complete a final sketch, redraw the sketch onto the larger sheet of Newsprint paper which you received in class. This larger drawing should be 11x14", the same size as your final scratch paper. The easiest way to do this is to trace the outline of your scratch paper onto the newsprint. Cut away the excess newsprint.
  4. Shade the back of your newsprint with a layer of graphite. Use a wood pencil and shade it at an angle so that you shade with the side of the lead and not the point. This way you can shade much faster.
  5. Place the newsprint on top of the scratch paper with the shaded graphite side down, touching the scratch paper, and you drawing face up. Make sure you tape the newsprint to the scratch paper so that it doesn't move using TWO small pieces of tape in the top corners.
  6. Trace the lines of your drawing with a colored pencil so that you can see where you have traced. Press slightly harder than normal so that you transfer the graphite on the back to the scratch paper surface. You can periodically lift the newsprint to see if your transfer is successful. If not than you either need to press harder or add more graphite to the back of the newsprint.
  7. Once you have transferred the drawing to the scratch paper you are ready to start scratching. You will have to purchase a scratch board drawing utensil from Hobby Lobby or Baker's Art Supply (Coliseum Blvd.) if we don't have any at school by the 14th. They are about $6. Use hatching and cross-hatching marks to scratch away the black paint from your scratch paper, leaving the white poster board underneath to show. BE CAREFUL - you cannot "unscratch" an area once it's been scratched so pay close attention to your photo reference and scratch only the areas that are needed.
  8. ALL PROJECTS ARE DUE OCT. 21st. Good luck - Mr. Kelley

1st Project Deadlines

Art 3 - Wildlife Projects
As we discussed last class, your wildlife projects are to be 9x12"and in colored pencil. I handed each of you a sheet of Bristol paper for you to use. REMEMBER: you must use a separate background image in your own design that is different from the background in your animal photograph unless you are using a photograph that you personally shot.
Steps :
1 - Sketch your selected photograph in your sketchbook. You will produce your final version on a 9x12" piece of Bristol paper so make your sketch as close to 9x12" as possible to save you from having to redraw it later to a larger scale.
2 - Flip your sketch over and cover the back with a layer of graphite. I would use a wood pencil for this, not a mechanical, and I would do all the shading with the side of the lead not the point. This will allow you to cover the back with graphite much faster.
3 - now place the sketch with your drawing side up over the Bristol paper. Make sure that you secure the sketch to the Bristol paper with a couple pieces of tape to prevent the sketch from moving on top of the Bristol paper.
4 - Now trace the lines of the original sketch, applying a little more pressure than normal. You may want to trace with a colored pencil so that you can see which areas of your sketch you have traced as you go. You should peel up the corner of your sketch periodically, being careful not to shift the sketch on the Bristol paper, and check to see if the graphite back is transferring the lines you are making with your colored pencil. If not, then use more pressure or you have not applied enough graphite to the back of your sketch and may have to re-shade the entire back and try to trace again.
  • After this you should have a perfect duplicate of your original sketch on your new Bristol paper. You may have to redraw a few marks to make them easier to see on the Bristol paper but otherwise you are ready to start coloring your composition.
All Projects DUE OCT. 21
PS - If you want to spend a few bucks to make this easier, you can purchase TRANSFER PAPER from Hobby Lobby in the drawing section. This is paper that has one side already coated in a layer of graphite. Simple place this paper with the graphite coated side touching the Bristol paper and then place your sketch face up on top of the transfer paper and begin tracing. Remember not to let your papers shift and move.
Please email me if you have more questions. Good luck - Mr. Kelley

Thursday, October 8, 2009

First Semester Vocabulary - Art 3

Art 3 Vocabulary
Achromatic Colors - white, black, and grays.
Analogous Colors - colors that are closely related in hue, usually found next to each other on the color wheel.
Chroma - the purity of color or its lack of white, black, or grays; a hue's intensity.
Chromatic - having color.
Color - the visual response to the different wavelengths of light, identified as red, green, blue, yellow, etc. The whiter the light, the more true the color will be.
Color Tetrad - any set of four colors that form a square or rectangle within the color wheel.
Color Triad - any three colors in the color wheel that form an equilateral triangle.
Complimentary Colors - two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
Contrast - contrast refers to colors, values, textures, shapes, and other elements which create visual excitement and interest through their oppositions.
High-Key Color - any color which has a value level of middle gray or lighter.
Hue - color; a specific wavelength of light.
Intensity - the saturation, strength, or purity of a color. A vivid color is of high intensity as opposed to a dull color which is of low intensity.
Monochromatic - having only one color or a range of one color's values from white to black.
Primary Color - A fundamental color which cannot be separated into any other colors. When mixed, primary colors can produce all other colors on the color wheel. They are Red, Blue, Yellow.
Secondary Color - a color produced by a mixture of two primary colors.
Split Complimentary - a color and the two colors on either side of its complimentary.
Tertiary Color - color resulting from the mixture of two secondary colors.
Value - the relative lightness or darkness of a color.
Tint - a light value of a color; to add white to a color.
Shade - the dark value of a color; to add black to a color.

Wednesday, October 7, 2009

First Semester Vocabulary - Art 1 & 2

Art 1 & 2 Vocabulary

Asymmetry - An image that is not similar in appearance when divided vertically or horizontally.

Biomorphic Shape - an irregular shape that resembles the natural curves found in living organism

Composition - an arrangement of all the elements of design which achieves a unified whole.

Craftsmanship - taking time to make sure a project is done well; cleanliness.

Elements of Design: line, shape, color, value, and texture. These are the basic ingredients that an artist uses to produce art.

Geometric Shape - shapes that obey the laws of geometry; triangles, squares, circles, etc.

Hatching - repeated parallel lines used to create value.
Cross-Hatching - more than one set of parallel lines which cross each other at different angles to create value.
Stippling - the process of painting, engraving, or drawing by use of dots or small marks to create values.
Horizon Line - the line where the sky meets the ground.

Negative Space - the empty space around all positive elements in a piece of art.

Perspective - any graphic system used to create the illusion of three-dimensional images on a two-dimensional surface. Types include linear and atmospheric.

Principles of Design: balance, movement, rhythm, contrast, emphasis, proportion and unity.

Symmetry - the exact duplication of appearance on either side of a division line either vertically or horizontally.

Vanishing Point - a point at an infinite distance on the horizon line at which any two or more lines that represent parallel lines will converge.
Contour - the outer edge of forms which implies three dimensions. (Think of it like a coloring book illustration without the color.)
Focal Point - the center of interest.
The GRID System - A useful method of scaling up a drawing on the painting surface using a series of perpendicular grid lines to create rectangles.
Subject Matter - the subject of the artwork, such as landscape, still life, portrait, etc.

Thursday, September 17, 2009

Assignments and Homework

Art I:
HOMEWORK - You should bring three pictures to class of Downtown and/or Riverwalk Architecture. I will help you decide which image will be the most successful for our Scratch Paper project. These will be used for the Draw Montgomery Competition in April. Here is what the Draw Montgomery website says about what to use for the contest:
Entrants are encouraged to use the wealth of historic buildings and architectural styles found in and around the Montgomery Downtown and Riverfront areas. We encourage participants to look carefully at our city and creatively interpret what they see, while conveying awareness of good design and its impact.

We will make the scratch paper ourselves and we will transfer your drawing of the building to the scratch paper. You will then scratch away the black surface of the Scratch Paper to reveal the white poster board underneath.
Art 1 students will use 11x14" paper.
Art 2 students (Zach and Adrianna) can chose to use 16x20" or 18x24" paper.

Draw Montgomery Contest - Click Here.
Homework- students are required to find 3 pictures of the wildlife option of their choice. Remember that we talked about three possible contests this year which will use Alabama wildlife.
Here are the various contests:
1) William R. Ireland Youth Wildlife Art Contest - Click Here
2) Federal Duck Stamp Contest - Click Here
3) National State-Fish Art Contest - Click Here
You should decide which of these that you'd like to enter and then choose the appropriate photo references (3 minimum) and then you must choose 3 habitat images to use in the final project. These habitats must be appropriate for the species that you elected to paint/draw. So no bullfrogs in the Himalayan Mountains.

Sunday, September 13, 2009

2009-10 School Year

I'm glad to have the new school year on its way. I look forward to seeing great artworks this year. I welcome back the art students of last year and look forward to teaching our newest art students. I have high hopes for you this year with a greater focus on art competitions and events.

I want everyone to remember that your syllabus includes a list of initial supplies which you will need for class each week. The most important of these is your sketchbook and pencils. Many times in class I will ask you to work on sketches for projects and if you do not have your sketchbook to do so it will negatively affect your grade.

Also - remember that I need the bottom portion of your syllabus signed by you and your parent(s) along with an email address which can be used on this class website. This information will be counted as a Minor grade.

Art 1 - you are working on the hatching, cross-hatching, stippling, and blending exercise. This is due Sep.16th.
To see the blog post for this exercise click here.

Art 2&3 - We will be starting on our first project Wednesday so HAVE YOUR SKETCHBOOKS! We will also finalize our project ideas for the rest of the year.

See you all in class - Mr. Kelley

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Wire Sculpture Figurines

Wire Gesture Sculptures
Objectives: Students will:
*Learn about Human proportion
*Discuss the Principle- Balance- in relation to 3-dimensional forms
*Learn about gesture sketching, as well as action poses.

*18 gauge aluminum wire
*2x4’s cut into squares, or other object for bases. (We will use a heavy duty stapler to attach figures to base)
*Wire cutters
*Twist-eez colored wire, or telephone/cable wires (optional)

*Students will draw from life - then turn one of their sketches into a three dimensional work of art.

*Begin by discussing proportion in the human body- how long the arms and legs are, how wide is the torso, how many heads are in a body, etc. Also discuss the joints- neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees, hips, ankles.
*Talk about movement and action within a person. What are interesting actions, or movement? Bring up dancing, sports, etc.
*Have students think of several different ideas for an action pose, to use for their sculpture.
Get students warmed up by discussing and practicing gesture sketches- so they get the basic ideas of the body.
*To begin, the students start with the body part touching the base (the foot - if the figure is standing).
*From the foot the student’s need to create a “bone.”
*The bone will go up to the hip, and then the students will create “muscle” (wrapping the wire down the bone, and back up to end at the hip).
*Students then create a hip to go to the other leg, create a bone, foot and then muscle. *Create a spine, then wrap the muscle down the spine, and backup to end at the neck. Remember to compare your figure's proportions; the torso should be wider in size than the legs, as it is in real life.
*This continues for the whole body, and then the students make the head last.
*Tuck the end of the wire into the body.

Critique work - discuss work of Alexander Calder and contemporary wire sculpture - Compare and contrast student work to the work of Calder and others.
This will be the last project due before summer break. I will post the exact deadline later.
Talk to me if there are any problems. DON'T WAIT UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE!!!!
-Mr. Kelley

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

New DUE DATE for the Self Portraits:
April 16th.

Sunday, March 8, 2009

Self-Portraits : Color Emphasis

Color Emphasis Self-Portraits
This new project will teach you to focus on color as a tool for rendering your subject matter while creating more interest by using unexpected hues. You all have recieved your photo references which have been pixelized to aid you in your use of the grid. You will notice that much of the detail in your photograph has been lost after the pixelization - which most of you will be excited about! This loss of detail will force you to concentrated on matching the color in the photograph.
STEP 1 : You will get a sheet of 18x24" white paper. Cut this paper down to 18x18" square. DON'T DAMAGE YOUR WHITE PAPER - YOU WILL LOSE POINTS FOR POOR CRAFTSMANSHIP!!
STEP 2: Next, lightly draw a 3/4" grid over the entire sheet of paper. LIGHTLY DRAW THE GRID! This will give you exactly 24 squares on all sides of your paper, matching your photograph which also has 24 pixels on all sides of the photo.
STEP 3: Before coloring your white sheet of paper you should complete 2-3 practice color scales. You should draw a rectangle that fills up the length of your sketchbook page . Inside this rectangle begin coloring following this pattern: ROY G. BIV, which is an acronym that stands for Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo and Violet. Be careful to blend the colors into one and another while focusing on keeping the colors bold and thick (meaning no white paper showing through each color).
STEP 4: Begin shading your grid squares! Remember that most of your colors will require you to mix multiple colored pencil shades together. Chances are good that you won't have the exact color you need already pre-mixed in your colored pencil set. KEEP COLORS INSIDE THE LINES OF THE APPROPIATE SQUARES. Don't get sloppy!
Here are your pixelated photo references. If you lose your pictures you can click on your image and reprint a color copy. I won't reprint it for you!! Good luck - I can't wait to see your work.


Tuesday, February 3, 2009

New DUE DATE for Recycled Object Project is
Feb. 19th!!

Saturday, January 10, 2009

Pop Quiz #3

Here are the words for the next quiz which will be given before you finish your sculpture project.

Achromatic - Having no color. Most blacks, whites, grays and browns are achromatic.

Addition - a sculptural term that means building up, assembling, or putting on material.

Armature - A rigid framework serving as an inner support for soft sculpting materials such as

Assemblage - Sculpture using preexisting, sometimes "found" objects.

Atectonic - a sculpture containing considerable amounts of open space; not completely solid or

Installations - a sculptural set up meant to transform the interior or exterior space in which it
is housed.

Mass - The physical bulk of a solid body of material.

Mixed Media - Works of art made with more than one meduim. (Ex. a piece of art made
with charcoal, watercolor and pastels.)

Mobile - a three dimensional moving sculpture.

Modeling - the sculptural technique of shaping a pliable material.

Relief sculpture - an artwork utilizing relatively shallow depth to establish images. It is meant

to be viewed frontally, not from all sides.

Sculpture - An expression of an idea through three-dimensional form.

Silhouette - The shape of an object determined by its contours or edges.

Tectonic - The quality of massiveness; lacking any significant extrusions or intrusions.

Void - an area lacking positive substance and consisting of negative space.

Volume - a measurable area of defined or occupied space.

Sculpture Project Using Recycled Items

We have a new project to go with the new year. We will be moving on from 2-D works to 3-D pieces. Our first project will incorporate recylced items (aka Trash). I have decided to change this project just a little bit and allow you to create a sculpture that is representational OR abstract. So, just to be clear, you can create something we instantly recognize like a coffee mug or a tree; or you can make a sculpture that is an unrecognizable shape yet still interesting. If you chose to do something representational, like the coffee mug, make it out of a material that is unrealistic, like cardboard or cotton balls. Here are a few examples of recycled art:

Cardboard guitar by Chris Gilmour

Michelle Stitzlein butterflies

Graphite on recycled Starbucks cups by Phil Hansen

Recycled crumpled paper dipped in ink by Phil Hansen

Recycled leaves held together by thorns by Andy Goldsworthy

Recycled stones, broken and scratched by Andy Goldsworthy

Here Are the Requirements:

1. Your project must be made 100% from recycled materials. Use whatever you want as long as it is not brand new or store bought. Use leafs, wood, discarded furniture, old mechanical parts, aluminum cans, etc.

2. You must be able to display your project in the classroom. So a life sized creation of a popscicle stick T-Rex would be out of the question. If you cannot transport it then you cannot do it for a grade.

3. Create at least 10 detailed sketches in your sketchbook of what you would like to make. List what your materials would be and how they will be applied (i.e. glue, epoxy putty [great for metal-on-metal], nails, tape, string) Have a sketched approved by me by Thursday, Jan 15th!!!

4. Begin working on project. All sculptures are DUE FEB 19TH!