Art 3 Vocabulary
Achromatic Colors - white, black, and grays.
Analogous Colors - colors that are closely related in hue, usually found next to each other on the color wheel.
Chroma - the purity of color or its lack of white, black, or grays; a hue's intensity.
Chromatic - having color.
Color - the visual response to the different wavelengths of light, identified as red, green, blue, yellow, etc. The whiter the light, the more true the color will be.
Color Tetrad - any set of four colors that form a square or rectangle within the color wheel.
Color Triad - any three colors in the color wheel that form an equilateral triangle.
Complimentary Colors - two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
Contrast - contrast refers to colors, values, textures, shapes, and other elements which create visual excitement and interest through their oppositions.
High-Key Color - any color which has a value level of middle gray or lighter.
Hue - color; a specific wavelength of light.
Intensity - the saturation, strength, or purity of a color. A vivid color is of high intensity as opposed to a dull color which is of low intensity.
Monochromatic - having only one color or a range of one color's values from white to black.
Primary Color - A fundamental color which cannot be separated into any other colors. When mixed, primary colors can produce all other colors on the color wheel. They are Red, Blue, Yellow.
Secondary Color - a color produced by a mixture of two primary colors.
Split Complimentary - a color and the two colors on either side of its complimentary.
Tertiary Color - color resulting from the mixture of two secondary colors.
Value - the relative lightness or darkness of a color.
Tint - a light value of a color; to add white to a color.
Shade - the dark value of a color; to add black to a color.